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Galileo Galilei

"He found astronomy"

90

Genius

by 7 Jurors

Galileo Galilei, often known mononymously as Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the Father of Modern Science".

His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter (named the Galilean moons in his honour), and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments.

Galileo's championing of heliocentrism was controversial within his lifetime, when most subscribed to either geocentrism or the Tychonic system. He met with opposition from astronomers, who doubted heliocentrism due to the absence of an observed stellar parallax. The matter was investigated by the Roman Inquisition in 1615, which concluded that heliocentrism was false and contrary to scripture, placing works advocating the Copernican system on the index of banned books and forbidding Galileo from advocating heliocentrism.Galileo later defended his views in Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, which appeared to attack Pope Urban VIII, thus alienating not only the Pope but also the Jesuits, who had both supported Galileo up until this point. He was tried by the Holy Office, then found "vehemently suspect of heresy", was forced to recant, and spent the rest of his life under house arrest. It was while Galileo was under house arrest that he wrote one of his finest works, Two New Sciences, in which he summarised the work he had done some forty years earlier, on the two sciences now called kinematics and strength of materials. [1]

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img angel agat posted a review

He's looks old but he is a true mathematician!

on November 6, 2016
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img May Sampsons posted a review

Galileo was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer and philosopher. He invented a telescope that allows him to see the moons of Jupiter and the rings of Saturn. His belief in a heliocentric solar system caused the Catholic Church to charge him with heresy and he was placed under house arrest for the rest of his life.

on October 24, 2016
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img May Sampsons posted a review

Galileo was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer and philosopher. He invented a telescope that allows him to see the moons of Jupiter and the rings of Saturn. His belief in a heliocentric solar system caused the Catholic Church to charge him with heresy and he was placed under house arrest for the rest of his life.

on October 23, 2016
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img May Sampsons posted a review

Galileo was one of the most intelligent humans of all time, but many mistake him for inventing the telescope. Galileo only made improvements to the spyglass/telescope. He was basically the founder of modern day science, and astronomy, which is why he should be higher on the list. Without him IMPROVING the telescope we would only be able to see 2x to 5x times further.

on October 9, 2016
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img Sernie Banders posted a review

He played a major role in the scientific revolution. His achievements include the first studies of uniformly accelerated motion, improvements to the telescope, and astronomical observations. Galileo has been called the “father of modern observational astronomy”, the “father of modern physics”, the “father of science”, and “the Father of Modern Science.” With his discoveries and studies, Galileo was able to display his brilliance.

on October 6, 2016
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img May Sampsons posted a review

Incredibly smart man, who died for the truth.
a sacrifice we should all be grateful for...

on September 20, 2016
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img May Sampsons posted a review

He's really old but man oh man he is a bright genius.

on September 4, 2016
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img Daryl Maclay posted a review

This guy had a brain for astronomy, I'm a major astronomy fan, and every night when I go outside with my telescope, I thank him for inventing the telescope. Galileo is my major idol, and I believe he should have a way better position on this list

on August 29, 2016
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img Roni Lagnada posted a review

Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642) was an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century.

on August 24, 2016
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img Jason Groove posted a review

Do not get me wrong, Galileo was one of the most intelligent humans of all time, but many mistake him for inventing the telescope. Galileo only made improvements to the spyglass/telescope. He was basically the founder of modern day science, and astronomy. Without him IMPROVING the telescope we would only be able to see 2x to 5x times further.

on August 3, 2016
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Galileo Galilei

He found astronomy
Book rating: 90.1 out of 100 with 7 ratings
Scholars